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Blood Cancer

  • Blood cancer often starts in the bone marrow. Bone marrow consists of stem cells that form into:
    • Red blood cells.
    • White blood cells.
    • Platelets.

Cancer arises with uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. This growth avoids blood cells from carrying out their normal functions, like fighting infections or clotting. Consult the Best blood cancer doctors in ap if you are suffering from blood cancer.

Types of Cancer:

  • Leukemia is a type of cancer in which the white blood cells (WBCs) abnormally increase in the bone marrow and blood. The large number of irregular WBCs do not fight infection properly, and they can spoil the formation of red blood cells and platelets.
  • Lymphoma is a cancer that occurs in the lymphatic system, which is comprised of the lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, and several organs. Lymphomas grows from lymphocytes, WBCs that are important in the immune system.
  • Myeloma is a cancer that grows from plasma cells, which are B cells (a type of WBC) that have been activated to make a specific antibody. When the plasma cells become cancerous and turn into myeloma, they spoil the body’s capacity to produce normal antibodies, which can increase a person’s risk of infection. In addition, myeloma can also cause kidney damage, and myeloma cells which can produce substances that can also damage bone tissue.

Blood Cancer Symptoms and Signs:

Blood cancers can differ in:

  • Types of cells they affect.
  • How quickly they grow.
  • How far into the body they spread?

Although each type of blood cancer varies, they can share some common symptoms and signs.

Some people may not have any symptoms until the disease gets advanced. Or, they may assume that symptoms for a severe cold or flu.

Some common blood cancer symptoms include:

  • Coughing or chest pain
  • Persistent weakness and fatigue
  • Frequent infections
  • Itchy skin or rash
  • Fever or chills
  • Loss of appetite or nausea
  • Night sweats
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swollen, painless lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin

Treatment

Blood cancer treatment in ap varies depending on severity. Usually in slow-growing leukaemias, treatment may include monitoring. For aggressive leukaemias, treatment will be chemotherapy that's sometimes followed by radiation and stem-cell transplant.

Medications

Chemotherapy: This procedure Kills cells that are growing or multiplying too quickly.

Blood transfusion : Blood components that are added to substitute deficiencies within the bloodstream.

Medical procedure:

Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Transplanting stem cells to restore a person's immune system. The transplanted cells can come from a donor or be the person's own cells.

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